The Battle of Caucuses

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Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot Lydia Litvyak
Zharova, a dispatcher at the headquarters of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portraits of Khiuaz (Katya) Dospanova and Evgenia Zhigulenko, pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Mechanic
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the 46th Guards Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the 46th Guards Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment before the Victory Parade in Moscow
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Enjoying a little free time. Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portraits of pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portrait of Natalya Meklin, a pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portraits of pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portraits of pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portraits of pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment. Novorossiysk
The all-female 46th Aviation Regiment receives the Guards banner
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment. Novorossiysk
Portrait of Evdokia Rachkevich, the deputy commander and commissar of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portrait of Valentina Grizodubova, a pilot
Portrait of Evdokia Nikulina, a pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portrait of Natalya Meklin, a pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union title
Portrait of Vera Belik, a pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portrait of Natalya Meklin, a pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Navigator Elena Salikova and pilot Anna Vysotskaya. Novorossiysk
Navigator Glafira (Irina) Kashirina and pilot Maria Nikitina (left to right). Novorossiysk
After liberation. Novorossiysk
Submarines. Batumi
Paratrooper with a squeezebox. Novorossiysk. 1943
Fighting to liberate Novorossiysk
Red Army soldiers defending the Caucasian passes listen to a Moscow radio broadcast
Tuapse Defensive Operation. Reconnaissance scouts are moving into the enemy’s rear
Guard Red Army soldiers, reconnaissance scouts of the 9th Infantry Brigade K.A. Kaditch and Yu. G. Dolubekov
Группа восхождения на Эльбрус воинов-альпинистов для снятия немецких флагов и водружения советских
A.I. Gryaznov, L.G. Korotaev and N.P. Persiyaninov, participants of the Battle for Elbrus, removing the flag of Nazi Germany and planting Soviet flag
Lieutenants A.V. Bagrov and N.N. Persiyaninov climbing Elbrus
Lieutenant A.V. Bagrov and Lieutenant A. A. Nemchinov with the flag of the USSR on the summit of Elbrus
Штурмовая группа Закавказского фронта по установке советских флагов вместо немецких на Эльбрусе
Members of the mountaineering group before climbing to the peaks of Elbrus to install the flags of the USSR
Boris Grachev, Senior Lieutenant, participant of the operation for removing the flags of Nazi Germany from the peaks of the Caucasus and planting Soviet flags
Georgy (Jury) Odnoblyudov, climber, participant of the operation for planting Soviet flags on summit of Mount Elbrus
A. Gusev and L. Kels, climbers, participants of the operation for planting Soviet flags on summit of Mount Elbrus
Members of the team which tore down the flags of Nazi Germany from the summit of Mount Elbrus, A. Griasnov, L. Korotaev, N. Persiyanov
Lieutenant Nicolay Gusak,  chief of the team that removed the German and installed the Soviet flags on the Western top of Elbrus
Soviet flag on the Western summit of Elbrus (5633 m)
Captured weapons by Mount Elbrus (Hotu-Tau pass)
The Battle for Elbrus has begun (A group of climbers on a snowy slope)
The grave of a fascist huntsman on the saddle of Elbrus (5320 m)
Братья Габриэль и Бекну Хергиани, партизаны, участники операции по снятию фашистских и установке советских флагов на Эльбрусе
Николай Моренец, участник операции «Эльбрус 1943» по снятию немецких и установке советских флагов на Эльбрусе
Yevgeny Beletsky, Honored Master of Sports, participant of the operation for removing the flags of Nazi Germany from the summit of Mount Elbrus  and planting Soviet flags
Vladislav Lubenets, Senior Lieutenant, participant of the operation for removing the flags of Nazi Germany from the summit of Mount Elbrus  and planting Soviet flags
A group of soldiers and commanders of the 414 Anapa Infantry Division who made a mark in the battles for the liberation of Taman: from left to right - Sergeant Gaygadze, Lieutenant Liagawa, Captain Tsulukadze and Lieutenant A.S. Kvaratskhelia, 1943.  State Archive (RGAKFD).
Anti-tank rifle teams under Lieutenant Junior Egelsky’s command move to a firing position in a North Caucasian region
Automatic riflemen taking a firing position in North Caucasian mountain passes.
The anti-tank gun team under Sergeant Yurkov’s command at a firing position in a North Caucasian region
Infantry units are deployed at the front line of the North Caucasian Front
Red Army soldiers Tkhemaladze and Tamraziye as members of an anti-tank rifle team at a firing position in a North Caucasian mountain pass
Scouts of the N-unit  petty officer class II V.A.Sunyaykin and Sergeant I.S. Muromtsev reporting to captain A.I. Pogorelov on the results of scouting in the area of Novorossiysk, 1943. State Archive (RGAKFD).
A machine gun crew at a firing position in North Caucasian mountain passes
A group of machine gunners moving along the assault bridge through the flooded areas. Kuban, 1943. State Archive (RGAKFD).
Komsomolets anti-aircraft gunner Sergeant V.I. Fomichev at his anti-aircraft gun. Southern Front, 1943. State Archive (RGAKFD).
German motor vehicles abandoned during battles near Vladikavkaz
Red Army soldiers on the road outside Vladikavkaz
Red Army troops conduct topographical surveying of the front line in the Caucasus Mountains
Red Army troops during a battle in a pass in the Caucasus Mountains
Polikarpov U-2 biplanes of an air unit near the Caucasian Mountains
Wounded evacuated from Caucasian mountain passes
Бойцы Красной Армии проходят по кубанским плавням
Anti-tank riflemen taking new positions during fighting in the North Caucasian Mountains
Komsomol youth V. Tkemaladze and S. Martirosyan as anti-tank riflemen during a battle in the North Caucasus
The mortar crew under Sergeant Tikhonenko’s command at a firing position while fighting for the North Caucasus
Гвардии сержант А.Попов у зенитного пулемёта во время боя
A cossack patrol in the Caucasian foothills
A group of Soviet anti-tank riflemen on the move in a North Caucasian mountain pass
American and British tanks from the Soviet inventory on a march in the North Caucasus
Soviet tank-borne infantry fighting in a battle for a North Caucasian settlement
Авиамеханик 46-го гвардейского авиаполка ночных бомбардировщиков гвардии старшина Г.А. Каширина
Regiment commander E.D. Bershanskaya and commander of the 218th air division D.D. Popov with the personnel
In battles in the North Caucasus, serviceable German tanks were captured. German trophy tank preparing for battle
Partisans in ambush
Partisans of the North Caucasus make their way along the mountain trail
Pilots of the 46th Guards Taman Aviation Regiment upon getting a mission before the flight
Вооруженцы 46-го гвардейского Таманского ночного бомбардировочного авиаполка Л. Ермакова, А. Шерстнева и Н. Бузина
Major E.D. Bershanskaya, commander of the 46th Guards Taman Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Commander of the 46th Guards Taman Night Bomber Aviation Regiment Major E.D Bershanskaya accepts the guards banner of the regiment
The personnel of the 588th night bomber regiment (in 1943 it was renamed into the 46th Tamansky Guards)
The commander of the 588th night bomber regiment (in 1943 it was renamed the 46th Tamansky Guards) E.D. Bershanskaya
Commander of the 46th Guards Taman Night Bomber Aviation Regiment E.D. Bershanskaya kisses the banner of the regiment
Хомутов Яков Васильевич
Хоменко Василий Сидорович
Хенкин Михаил Григорьевич
Хаустов Алексей Константинович
Харитонов Александр Дмитриевич
Фоминых Иван Зиновьевич
Федорцев Федор Меркурьевич
Фаворский Борис Павлович
Тюрин Александр Николаевич
Тыщенко Иван Емельянович
Группа бойцов 261-й стрелковой дивизии
Советский партизан на Кавказе
A Georgian fighter, 1943. Photo by Max Alpert/TASS
7622-КП Азовский музей заповедник
«Комбат». Младший политрук 220-го стрелкового полка 4-й стрелковой дивизии 18-й армии Алексей Еременко, 1942 г.
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Enjoying a little rest. Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Sniper Yelizaveta “Liza” Mironova, 19 years old
Sniper Yelizaveta “Liza” Mironova, 19 years old
Serafima Amosova, the deputy commander of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment, gives a combat mission
Pilot Evdokia Bershanskaya
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment near a dugout
Marina Chechneva and Serafima Amosova, pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot Lydia Litvyak
Zharova, a dispatcher at the headquarters of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portraits of Khiuaz (Katya) Dospanova and Evgenia Zhigulenko, pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Mechanic
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the 46th Guards Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the 46th Guards Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment before the Victory Parade in Moscow
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Enjoying a little free time. Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portraits of pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portrait of Natalya Meklin, a pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portraits of pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portraits of pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portraits of pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment. Novorossiysk
The all-female 46th Aviation Regiment receives the Guards banner
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment. Novorossiysk
Portrait of Evdokia Rachkevich, the deputy commander and commissar of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portrait of Valentina Grizodubova, a pilot
Portrait of Evdokia Nikulina, a pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portrait of Natalya Meklin, a pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union title
Portrait of Vera Belik, a pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Portrait of Natalya Meklin, a pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Navigator Elena Salikova and pilot Anna Vysotskaya. Novorossiysk
Navigator Glafira (Irina) Kashirina and pilot Maria Nikitina (left to right). Novorossiysk
After liberation. Novorossiysk
Submarines. Batumi
Paratrooper with a squeezebox. Novorossiysk. 1943
Fighting to liberate Novorossiysk
Red Army soldiers defending the Caucasian passes listen to a Moscow radio broadcast
Tuapse Defensive Operation. Reconnaissance scouts are moving into the enemy’s rear
Guard Red Army soldiers, reconnaissance scouts of the 9th Infantry Brigade K.A. Kaditch and Yu. G. Dolubekov
Группа восхождения на Эльбрус воинов-альпинистов для снятия немецких флагов и водружения советских
A.I. Gryaznov, L.G. Korotaev and N.P. Persiyaninov, participants of the Battle for Elbrus, removing the flag of Nazi Germany and planting Soviet flag
Lieutenants A.V. Bagrov and N.N. Persiyaninov climbing Elbrus
Lieutenant A.V. Bagrov and Lieutenant A. A. Nemchinov with the flag of the USSR on the summit of Elbrus
Штурмовая группа Закавказского фронта по установке советских флагов вместо немецких на Эльбрусе
Members of the mountaineering group before climbing to the peaks of Elbrus to install the flags of the USSR
Boris Grachev, Senior Lieutenant, participant of the operation for removing the flags of Nazi Germany from the peaks of the Caucasus and planting Soviet flags
Georgy (Jury) Odnoblyudov, climber, participant of the operation for planting Soviet flags on summit of Mount Elbrus
A. Gusev and L. Kels, climbers, participants of the operation for planting Soviet flags on summit of Mount Elbrus
Members of the team which tore down the flags of Nazi Germany from the summit of Mount Elbrus, A. Griasnov, L. Korotaev, N. Persiyanov
Lieutenant Nicolay Gusak,  chief of the team that removed the German and installed the Soviet flags on the Western top of Elbrus
Soviet flag on the Western summit of Elbrus (5633 m)
Captured weapons by Mount Elbrus (Hotu-Tau pass)
The Battle for Elbrus has begun (A group of climbers on a snowy slope)
The grave of a fascist huntsman on the saddle of Elbrus (5320 m)
Братья Габриэль и Бекну Хергиани, партизаны, участники операции по снятию фашистских и установке советских флагов на Эльбрусе
Николай Моренец, участник операции «Эльбрус 1943» по снятию немецких и установке советских флагов на Эльбрусе
Yevgeny Beletsky, Honored Master of Sports, participant of the operation for removing the flags of Nazi Germany from the summit of Mount Elbrus  and planting Soviet flags
Vladislav Lubenets, Senior Lieutenant, participant of the operation for removing the flags of Nazi Germany from the summit of Mount Elbrus  and planting Soviet flags
A group of soldiers and commanders of the 414 Anapa Infantry Division who made a mark in the battles for the liberation of Taman: from left to right - Sergeant Gaygadze, Lieutenant Liagawa, Captain Tsulukadze and Lieutenant A.S. Kvaratskhelia, 1943.  State Archive (RGAKFD).
Anti-tank rifle teams under Lieutenant Junior Egelsky’s command move to a firing position in a North Caucasian region
Automatic riflemen taking a firing position in North Caucasian mountain passes.
The anti-tank gun team under Sergeant Yurkov’s command at a firing position in a North Caucasian region
Infantry units are deployed at the front line of the North Caucasian Front
Red Army soldiers Tkhemaladze and Tamraziye as members of an anti-tank rifle team at a firing position in a North Caucasian mountain pass
Scouts of the N-unit  petty officer class II V.A.Sunyaykin and Sergeant I.S. Muromtsev reporting to captain A.I. Pogorelov on the results of scouting in the area of Novorossiysk, 1943. State Archive (RGAKFD).
A machine gun crew at a firing position in North Caucasian mountain passes
A group of machine gunners moving along the assault bridge through the flooded areas. Kuban, 1943. State Archive (RGAKFD).
Komsomolets anti-aircraft gunner Sergeant V.I. Fomichev at his anti-aircraft gun. Southern Front, 1943. State Archive (RGAKFD).
German motor vehicles abandoned during battles near Vladikavkaz
Red Army soldiers on the road outside Vladikavkaz
Red Army troops conduct topographical surveying of the front line in the Caucasus Mountains
Red Army troops during a battle in a pass in the Caucasus Mountains
Polikarpov U-2 biplanes of an air unit near the Caucasian Mountains
Wounded evacuated from Caucasian mountain passes
Бойцы Красной Армии проходят по кубанским плавням
Anti-tank riflemen taking new positions during fighting in the North Caucasian Mountains
Komsomol youth V. Tkemaladze and S. Martirosyan as anti-tank riflemen during a battle in the North Caucasus
The mortar crew under Sergeant Tikhonenko’s command at a firing position while fighting for the North Caucasus
Гвардии сержант А.Попов у зенитного пулемёта во время боя
A cossack patrol in the Caucasian foothills
A group of Soviet anti-tank riflemen on the move in a North Caucasian mountain pass
American and British tanks from the Soviet inventory on a march in the North Caucasus
Soviet tank-borne infantry fighting in a battle for a North Caucasian settlement
Авиамеханик 46-го гвардейского авиаполка ночных бомбардировщиков гвардии старшина Г.А. Каширина
Regiment commander E.D. Bershanskaya and commander of the 218th air division D.D. Popov with the personnel
In battles in the North Caucasus, serviceable German tanks were captured. German trophy tank preparing for battle
Partisans in ambush
Partisans of the North Caucasus make their way along the mountain trail
Pilots of the 46th Guards Taman Aviation Regiment upon getting a mission before the flight
Вооруженцы 46-го гвардейского Таманского ночного бомбардировочного авиаполка Л. Ермакова, А. Шерстнева и Н. Бузина
Major E.D. Bershanskaya, commander of the 46th Guards Taman Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Commander of the 46th Guards Taman Night Bomber Aviation Regiment Major E.D Bershanskaya accepts the guards banner of the regiment
The personnel of the 588th night bomber regiment (in 1943 it was renamed into the 46th Tamansky Guards)
The commander of the 588th night bomber regiment (in 1943 it was renamed the 46th Tamansky Guards) E.D. Bershanskaya
Commander of the 46th Guards Taman Night Bomber Aviation Regiment E.D. Bershanskaya kisses the banner of the regiment
Хомутов Яков Васильевич
Хоменко Василий Сидорович
Хенкин Михаил Григорьевич
Хаустов Алексей Константинович
Харитонов Александр Дмитриевич
Фоминых Иван Зиновьевич
Федорцев Федор Меркурьевич
Фаворский Борис Павлович
Тюрин Александр Николаевич
Тыщенко Иван Емельянович
Группа бойцов 261-й стрелковой дивизии
Советский партизан на Кавказе
A Georgian fighter, 1943. Photo by Max Alpert/TASS
7622-КП Азовский музей заповедник
«Комбат». Младший политрук 220-го стрелкового полка 4-й стрелковой дивизии 18-й армии Алексей Еременко, 1942 г.
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Enjoying a little rest. Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Sniper Yelizaveta “Liza” Mironova, 19 years old
Sniper Yelizaveta “Liza” Mironova, 19 years old
Serafima Amosova, the deputy commander of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment, gives a combat mission
Pilot Evdokia Bershanskaya
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilot of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment near a dugout
Marina Chechneva and Serafima Amosova, pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment

Pilots of the all-female 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment

Летчицы 46-го женского авиационного полка Таманской дивизии
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