1944

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V. M. Petrov, fighter pilot in cockpit of Aerocobra. 1944-1945
Mazuruk I.P., colonel, Hero of the Soviet Union, commander of the first ferry air division. 1944
3rd from left, U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace, 6th from left, commander of the first ferry air division Mazuruk Ilya Petrovich and others. Kolyma. 1944
Novgorod’s residents rebuild the city
First airplane, built at private savings of Kolkhoznik F. Golovaty
Sappers excavate the Great Bell of St. Sophia
Sappers excavate the Great Bell of St. Sophia
General view of Novgorod, liberated from the German invaders
General view of Novgorod, liberated from the German invaders
General view of Novgorod, liberated from the German invaders
Kurmashev Gaynan Nurmukhammatovich
A group of people in winter military uniforms on the ice of the Ladoga lake near a shell hole
Captain A. Zubchenko (2nd from the left). 1943-1945
Party active members of the 6th Red Banner Rifle Division of the 4th Army. Romania. October, 1944. Photo by a participant of fights near Brest in June 1941
Officers of the 111 Separate Sapper Battalion of the 6th Red Banner Rifle Division of the 4th Army. 1944-1945
Partisans of the Chernak detachment of the Stalin brigade of the Brest formation. Belarus, 1944
Military doctor Maslov B.A. with his wife and daughter. Poland, 09/20/1944 
 Maslov B.A. - military doctor of the 3rd rank, head of the Brest military hospital No. 2396 of district subordination, participant in the defense of the Brest fortress in June 1941, participant in the partisan movement in Western Ukraine in 1943-1944.
Brest fortress after its liberation. July 28, 1944
 Photo is taken from a plane by V.A.Tyominб photo reporter of “Izvestia” newspaper
Fighter of the 1st Soviet partisan regiment S.B. Nurijanyan Southern France, 1944.
Soldiers of the 1st Soviet partisan regiment. France, 1944
Evacuation of a battle-scarred aircraft
V. M. Petrov, fighter pilot in cockpit of Aerocobra. 1944-1945
Mazuruk I.P., colonel, Hero of the Soviet Union, commander of the first ferry air division. 1944
3rd from left, U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace, 6th from left, commander of the first ferry air division Mazuruk Ilya Petrovich and others. Kolyma. 1944
Novgorod’s residents rebuild the city
First airplane, built at private savings of Kolkhoznik F. Golovaty
Sappers excavate the Great Bell of St. Sophia
Sappers excavate the Great Bell of St. Sophia
General view of Novgorod, liberated from the German invaders
General view of Novgorod, liberated from the German invaders
General view of Novgorod, liberated from the German invaders
Kurmashev Gaynan Nurmukhammatovich
A group of people in winter military uniforms on the ice of the Ladoga lake near a shell hole
Captain A. Zubchenko (2nd from the left). 1943-1945
Party active members of the 6th Red Banner Rifle Division of the 4th Army. Romania. October, 1944. Photo by a participant of fights near Brest in June 1941
Officers of the 111 Separate Sapper Battalion of the 6th Red Banner Rifle Division of the 4th Army. 1944-1945
Partisans of the Chernak detachment of the Stalin brigade of the Brest formation. Belarus, 1944
Military doctor Maslov B.A. with his wife and daughter. Poland, 09/20/1944 
 Maslov B.A. - military doctor of the 3rd rank, head of the Brest military hospital No. 2396 of district subordination, participant in the defense of the Brest fortress in June 1941, participant in the partisan movement in Western Ukraine in 1943-1944.
Brest fortress after its liberation. July 28, 1944
 Photo is taken from a plane by V.A.Tyominб photo reporter of “Izvestia” newspaper
Fighter of the 1st Soviet partisan regiment S.B. Nurijanyan Southern France, 1944.
Soldiers of the 1st Soviet partisan regiment. France, 1944
Evacuation of a battle-scarred aircraft

Kurmashev Gaynan Nurmukhammatovich

Born on February 27, 1919 in Aktobe. He graduated from 7th grade there and worked as a typesetter for some time. As a schoolboy he sent his first, still very uncertain poems to the children's magazine "Oktyabr Balasy" ("Child of October"), the editor of which was Musa Jalil. After studying at the Paranginsk Teachers' Training College (Mari ASSR), Gaynan Kurmashev worked for several years as a teacher in Paranginsk Raion and Aktobe. He was in charge of school amateur art activities and for some time combined his teaching activities with the duties of an art director in one of the clubs of his native city. At the age of 19, he was appointed school director. In 1939, Gainan Kurmashev was drafted into the army. He graduated from the school of junior commanders, received the title of junior lieutenant. He took part in combat operations of the Soviet-Finnish war. Before the beginning of the Patriotic War, he served in the Gomel region. In the army Gaynan studied radio modeling. This fact, as well as the reputation of a reliable in all respects person predetermined the decision of the military leadership to throw him into the enemy's rear with a special task. In doing so, Gaynan was taken prisoner, where he became one of the leaders of an underground organization in the "Idel-Ural" legion. In February 1944, the Second German Imperial Court sentenced Gaynan Kurmashev to death. The sentence was carried out in Pletcensee prison on the guillotine on August 25, 1944 at 12:06. By the Decree of the President of the USSR of May 5, 1990, Gainan Kurmashev was posthumously awarded the Order of the "Patriotic War" of I degree - for courage and heroism, active underground activities against the Nazi invaders.
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